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Bal Swachhta Abhiyan is a mission launched as a part of the sanitation initiative ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ in order to imbibe the cleanliness habits among children through games, storytelling, poems, conversation, etc to achieve the aim of Swachh Bharat. It is a nationwide cleanliness drive to keep clean anganwadis, playgrounds, personal hygiene, food, drinking water and toilets.

Essay on Bal Swachhta Abhiyan

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan was launched as a mission on 14th of November 2014 by the Delhi government in order to mark the celebration of children’s day by encouraging them towards cleanliness of environment as well as personal hygiene among children. Let your kids know and participate in the essay writing competition in the school or outside the school on the topic of Bal Swachhta Abhiyan. We have provided variety of essay on Bal Swachhta Abhiyan for kids and students in very simple and easy words. You can use any Bal Swachhta Abhiyan essay given below:

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan Essay 1 (100 words)

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan is a mission launched on 14th of November to increase awareness about the cleanliness of the children all over the India. Cleanliness is very necessary for all however must for children to prevent them from diseases and death rate caused due to the unhygienic conditions. Cleanliness is a good practice and can be followed as a best habit if practiced from the childhood by the promotional activities of the parents. Each and every child must understand the cleanliness as their first and foremost responsibility as well as know about the necessity and importance of the cleanliness. Cleanliness is a good habit which promotes us towards better life and makes us healthy physically, mentally, socially ad intellectually.

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan Essay 2 (150 words)

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan campaign was launched by the Central government on 14th of November in 2014 on the birth anniversary of the first Indian Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. It is a five days long cleanliness campaign which starts on 14th of November (birthday of first Indian Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru) and ends on 19th of November (birth anniversary of first Indian woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi). Government has asked to the schools, colleges and other educational institutions to celebrate the children’s day with lots of preparations in order to ensure the success of Bal Swachhta Abhiyan.

It was launched by the Union Women and Child Development Minister of India, Maneka Gandhi at Maidangarhi anganwadi, Delhi. 14th of November is celebrated every year as the children’s day to pay tribute to the first Indian prime minister on his birth anniversary. This cleanliness mission is especially launched on the children’s day to easily increase the awareness about cleanliness among children all over the India.

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan Essay 3 (200 words)

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan is a mission of cleanliness which was launched in 2014 on 14th of November to celebrate children’s day in more promotional and purposeful manner. This mission was launched to celebrate as a five days long event which starts on the birth anniversary of the first Indian prime minister (Pt. Nehru, 14th of November) and ends on birth anniversary of the first Indian woman prime minister (Indira Gandhi, 19th of November). Bal Swachhta Abhiyan has been implemented by the Indian government to promote children of the country towards environmental and personal cleanliness.

This event is celebrated by the students of all the schools and colleges through the active participation in many activities such as cultural programmes, essay writing competitions, cleanliness debates, group discussion, painting, chart making, cleanliness exhibition, art making competition, cleanliness of the nearby regions, environmental cleanliness activities, posters making on personal hygiene and many more cleanliness activities. The purpose of the Bal Swachhta Abhiyan is just to promote the cleanliness habits among kids and children of the country to make India a clean India in near future. Cleanliness is a good habit which is must to be promoted among children from their childhood to follow throughout the life.

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan Essay 4 (250 words)

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan, an environmental and personal cleanliness mission, launched by the Indian government on the children’s day (14th of November, 2014) to make the occasion more purposeful and meaningful. This mission is more likely matches the purpose of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (a programme to initiate the practice of cleanliness among Indian people) launched by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.

Bal Swachhta mission is a big step taken by the Indian government to include the school-children in this cleanliness campaign through the Bal Swachhta Abhiyan. This mission is a five days long celebration based on the five different themes of the all days to make this campaign more successful and effective. This mission starts on the birth anniversary of the Pt, Nehru (14th of November) and ends on the birth anniversary of the Indira Gandhi (19th of November).

This mission has been implemented by having the understanding that children may play a vital role in the achievement of swachh bharat a day most likely by year 2019. Children needs encouragement and motivation for anything to be done so children are best ways to promote the habit of cleanliness in the environment, homes, nearby areas, roads, schools, surroundings, personal hygiene, etc. children are the ambassadors of cleanliness all through the India especially in the homes and communities. The themes of celebrating the this campaign are clean surroundings, clean schools and anganwadis, personal hygiene and child health, clean drinking water, clean food and clean toilets. Many cleanliness programs are organized in the schools to fulfill the need of this mission.

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan Essay 5 (300 words)

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan is a cleanliness drive run by the Indian government to increase the awareness about cleanliness among children. This mission was launched in 2014 especially on children’s day to make the event more effective. It is a five days long mission which is celebrated from 14th of November to 19th of November. All five days celebration in 2014 had separate themes of celebration such as 14th November theme was “Clean Schools, Surroundings and Play areas”, 15th November theme was “Clean Food”, 17th November theme was “Clean Self”, 18th November theme was “Clean Drinking Water” and 19th November theme was “Clean Toilet”.

Children’s day is celebrated every year on 14th of November, the birth anniversary of the first Indian prime minister. So the cleanliness campaign is launched on children’s day to make this event more purposeful and effective. School teachers organize many more activities while celebrating this event including essay writing competitions, poem recitation on related topic, poster making competitions, drawing, painting, speech, sports activity, group discussion, debates, cleanliness activities, etc. School children are given some tasks according to the group to be done in limited time to bring encouragement and zeal among them.

Cleanliness is very necessary for all Indian citizens however better can be promoted through the children of India. School going kids are the best medium to promote the habits of environmental and personal cleanliness. Each and every student participates in cleanliness drive from the school or home whole-heartedly. Students are explained first about the necessity, advantages and importance of the cleanliness in the environment and body by their teachers or principals on the day of celebration and then start celebrating through the cultural programmes, dancing, singing, quiz competitions etc. Students show their innovative styles and manners of promoting cleanliness in the society by effectively observing the cleanliness drive.


 

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan Essay 6 (400 words)

Bal Swachhta Abhiyan or Mission was especially launched on the birth anniversary of the first Indian Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (also called as Chacha Nehru) because of his love and devotion towards children. Chacha Nehru was a great person who loved children so much that’s why children’s day event and Bal Swachhta Abhiyan has been launched on the 14th of November, his birth anniversary. The celebration of this mission takes place from 14th of November to 19th of November means from birthday of first Indian prime minister to birthday of first woman Indian prime minister (Indira Gandhi).

This mission was launched by the Indian Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in New Delhi at Maidangarhi anganwadi on 14th of November, 2014. This abhiyan is started as an initiative programme of nationwide sanitation. The objectives of this mission are more likely matches with the purposes of Swachh Bharat Mission launched by Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. Both of the missions have purpose of achieving a Swachh Bharat or clean India in near future. Children are the best medium of initiating cleanliness and sanitation all through the India as well as motivate others in maintaining the cleanliness of homes, surroundings, environment, schools, etc.

Children from all schools actively take part in the ongoing cleanliness drive to make India a clean India as well as make cleanliness a vital part of daily life. Cleanliness is a campaign, the purpose of which can be fulfilled only when every Indian citizen takes part and do their best to maintain the cleanliness in daily routine. This five days long mission has following themes according to the date of celebration in 2014:

  • The theme of 14th November was “Clean Schools, Surroundings and Play areas”.
  • The theme of 15th November was “Clean Food”.
  • The theme of 17th November was “Clean Self”.
  • The theme of 18th November was “Clean Drinking Water”.
  • The theme of 19th November was “Clean Toilet”.

Different themes of particular dates were decided by the government to make the celebration more enthusiastic, effective, targetable and purposeful. All the students took part actively in the cleanliness drive and followed strict instructions to undertake activities of garbage removal from the surrounding areas. Students are motivated, directed and inspected by their teachers and principals to perform the many activities related to event.

Also See:

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Essay on Cleanliness

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA)

India + Cleanliness

Slogan

एक कदम स्वच्छता की ओर

One step towards cleanliness
CountryIndia
Prime Minister(s)Narendra Modi
LaunchedRaj ghat, 2 October 2014; 3 years ago (2014-10-02)
StatusActive
Websiteswachhbharat.mygov.in

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) (or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 90 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).[1] The mission will also contribute to India reaching Sustainable Development Goal Number 6 (SDG 6).

The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India's largest cleanliness drive to date with 3 million government employees, school students, and college students from all parts of India participating in 4,041 statutory cities, towns and associated rural areas.

The mission contains two sub-missions: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ("Gramin" or rural), which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.[2][3][4][5]

The mission includes ambassadors and activities such as national real-time monitoring and updates from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as The Ugly Indian, Waste Warriors and SWaCH Pune (Solid Waste Collection and Handling) that are working towards its ideas of Swachh Bharat.[6]

History[edit]

Launch[edit]

Further information: Sanitation in India

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign, launched on 2 October 2014, aims to eradicate open defecation by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 90 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakhcrore (US$30 billion).[1][7][8] The national campaign spans 4,041 statutory cities and towns.[9][10] conceived in March 2014 at a sanitation conference organised by UNICEF India and the Indian Institute of Technology as part of the larger Total Sanitation Campaign, which the Indian government launched in 1999.[11]

Previous sanitation campaigns[edit]

On 1 April 1999, the Government of India restructured the Comprehensive Rural Sanitation Programme and launched the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) which was later (on 1 April 2012) renamed "Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan" by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.[12][13][14] A limited randomized study of eighty villages in rural (Madhya Pradesh) showed that the TSC programme did modestly increase the number of households with latrines, and had a small effect in reducing open defecation. However, there was no improvement in the health of children."[15][16]

The earlier "Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan" rural sanitation program was hampered by the unrealistic approach.[17][18][19] Consequently, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was restructured by Cabinet approval on 24 September 2014 as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.[10]

Structure[edit]

Finance[edit]

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is expected to cost over ₹620 billion (US$9.5 billion).[5][20] The government provides an incentive of ₹15,000 (US$230) for each toilet constructed by a BPL family.[1] An amount of ₹90 billion (US$1.4 billion) was allocated for the mission in the 2016 Union budget of India.[9][21]International Monetary Fund provided a US$1.5 billion loan and $25 million in technical assistance in 2016 for the Swachh Bharat Mission to support India's universal sanitation initiation.[8] The programme has also received funds and technical support from the World Bank, corporations as part of corporate social responsibility initiatives, and by state governments under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan schemes.[7]

Activities[edit]

Planned initiatives[edit]

The Government appointed PWD with the responsibility to dispose off waste from Government offices.[22] The Ministry of Railways planned to have the facility of cleaning on demand, clean bed-rolls from automatic laundries, bio-toilets, dustbins in all non-AC coaches.[23] The Centre will use its Digital India project in conjunction with the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to have solar-powered trash cans, which send alerts to sanitation crew once they are full.[24] The Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya campaign was launched by Smriti Irani, of the Minister of Human Resource Development, Government of India by participating in the cleanliness drive along with the school's teachers and students.[25][26]

Promotional campaigns[edit]

Selected public figures[edit]

Prime Minister Modi selected following public figures to propagate this campaign.[27][28] They are:

Anushka Sharma and the Vice President of India M V Naidu picked up a broom to help clean the cyclone-hit port city of Visakhapatnam, in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, as part of the cleanliness campaign.[29][30]

Brand Ambassadors[edit]

On 2 October 2014, Prime Minister Modi nominated following people as Brand Ambassador:

He also nominated a number of organisations, including the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Eenadu and India Today as well as the dabbawala of Mumbai, who deliver home-made food to lakhs of people in the city.[clarification needed]More than 3 million government employees and school and college students participated in the drive on the occasion.[31][32]

On 8 November 2014, Prime Minister carried the message to Uttar Pradesh and nominated another set of nine people for that state.[33][34]

On 5 January 2015, The minister in-charge nominated followed Telugu icons as brand ambassadors [35][36][when?][citation needed]

From later dates following were made part of the mission

Run and marathons[edit]

A Swachh Bharat Run, attended by 1,500 runners, was organized at the Rashtrapati Bhavan on 2 October 2014.[40][41]

Performance monitoring[edit]

Ongoing real-time monitoring[edit]

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile app is being used by people and Government organisations for achieving the goals of Swachh Bharat Mission.[42] For this the government of India is bringing awareness to the people through advertisements.[43]

Swachh Sarvekshan annual cleanliness survey[edit]

Swachh Sarvekshan, commissioned by Ministry of Urban Development and carried out by Quality Council of India, is an extensive sanitation survey across several hundred cities to check the progress and impact of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and to foster a spirit of competition among the cities. The performance of each city is evaluated on five parameters:

  • Municipal solid waste, sweeping, collection and transportation
  • Municipal solid waste, processing and disposal of solid waste
  • Open defecation free/toilets
  • Capacity building and eLearning
  • Provision of public & community toilet seats
  • Information, education and communication, and behaviour change

2017 Swachh Sarvekshan survey[edit]

Swachh Sarvekshan 2017 was conducted across 500 cities between 4 January 2017 and 7 February 2017. The top 25 cities are:[44]

2016 Swachh Sarvekshan survey[edit]

The Swachh Sarvekshan-2016 ranks of 73 cities surveyed are:[45][46][47][48]

Cleanest ten cities:

Ten least clean cities (at the bottom of the list):

Outcomes[edit]

By May 2015, 71 Indian public sector undertakings and 14 companies supported the construction of 89,976.[49] Hundreds of thousands of Indian people were still employed as manual scavengers in emptying bucket toilets and pit latrines.[50][51][52]

In 2017, the national sanitation coverage rose to 65% from 38.7% on Oct 2, 2014 before the start of the campaign.[53] It was 80% in Feb 2018.[54] Eleven states, 314 districts and 3.25 lakh villages were declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) till 15 February 2018.

The cities and towns which have been declared ODF stood at 22 per cent and the urban wards which have achieved 100 per cent door-to-door solid waste collection stood at 50 per cent. The number of Swachhagrahi volunteers working across urban local bodies rose to 20,000, and those working in rural India rose to more than a lakh. The number of schools with separate toilet facilities for girls rose from 0.4 million (37 per cent) to almost one million (91 per cent).[53]

As per an independent survey released by Quality Council of India in August 2017, overall national rural "household access to toilet" coverage increased to 62.45 per cent and usage of 91.29 per cent, with Haryana topping the national ranking with 99 per cent of households in rural areas covered and usage of 100 per cent.[55]

.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcd"MDWS Intensifies Efforts with States to Implement Swachh Bharat Mission", Business Standard, 18 March 2016  (press release)
  2. ^{http://sbm.gov.in/sbmcms/index.htm}{http://www.swachhbharaturban.in/sbm/home/#/SBM}
  3. ^"Swachh Bharat campaign should become mass movement: Narendra Modi". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  4. ^"PM reviews preparations for launch of Mission Swachh Bharat". Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  5. ^ ab"Swachh Bharat: PM Narendra Modi launches 'Clean India' mission". Zee News. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  6. ^"SWaCH". 
  7. ^ ab"Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan: Government builds 7.1 lakh toilets in January". timesofindia-economictimes. 
  8. ^ ab"India, World Bank sign $1.5 billion loan pact for Swachh Bharat Mission", The Economic Times, 30 March 2016 
  9. ^ ab"Budget 2016: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan gets Rs 9,000 crore", The Economic Times, 29 February 2016 
  10. ^ ab"Restructuring of the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan into Swachh Bharat Mission". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-12. 
  11. ^Poo2Loo to break open defecation taboo
  12. ^"Time to clean up your act", Hindustan Times 
  13. ^"Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan failed to achieve its desired targets: CAG jdjgjfi", Mint, 16 December 2015 
  14. ^"Salient Features of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan". Biharprabha News. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  15. ^Patil, Sumeet; Arnold, Benjamin; Salvatore, Alicia; Briceno, Bertha; Ganguly, Sandipan; Colford Jr., John; Gertler, Paul (26 August 2014). "The Effect of India's Total Sanitation Campaign on Defecation Behaviors and Child Health in Rural Madhya Pradesh: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial". PLOS Medicine. 11: e1001709. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001709. PMC 4144850. PMID 25157929. 
  16. ^"An Open Letter in response to the World Development Report 2015". Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  17. ^IRC:India: Unrealistic approach hampers rural sanitation programmeArchived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., 1 June 2007
  18. ^Institute of Development Studies:Community-led total sanitation:India
  19. ^Benny George:Nirmal Gram Puraskar: A Unique Experiment in Incentivising Sanitation Coverage in Rural India, International Journal of Rural Studies (IJRS), Vol. 16, No. 1, April 2009
  20. ^"PM Modi's 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' set for mega launch Thursday; schools, offices gear up for event". Zee News. 
  21. ^"Modi government mobilises Rs 370 crore under Swachh Bharat Kosh", The Economic Times, 11 March 2016 
  22. ^"Swachh Bharat: CPWD begins lifting 'zero-value goods' from government offices and buildings", The Economic Times, 17 May 2016 
  23. ^"'Railway Budget Aligned to PM Modi's Vision for Digital India'", The New Indian Express, 5 March 2016 
  24. ^"When Swachh Bharat met Digital India: Now solar-powered trash cans to send alerts when full", The Economic Times, 18 March 2016 
  25. ^Swachch Bharat Swachch Vidhalaya
  26. ^Swachh Bharat-Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign
  27. ^"PM Modi's Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Anil Ambani dedicates himself to the movement". 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  28. ^"PM launches Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan". 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  29. ^"Venkaiah Naidu picked up the broom to clean cyclone-hit port city of Visakhapatnam - indtoday.com - indtoday.com". indtoday.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. 
  30. ^Naidu picked up the broom to clean cyclone-hit port city of Visakhapatnam
  31. ^"Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: PM Narendra Modi to wield broom to give India a new image". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  32. ^"Swachh Bharat campaign is beyond politics, PM Narendra Modi says". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  33. ^"PM India". Prime Minister's Office. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  34. ^"Press Information Bureau". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  35. ^"18 Telugu icons named ambassadors for Swachh Bharat". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2016-06-01. 
  36. ^"18 Telugu People as Swachh Bharat Ambassadors | 9 people each in AP and Telangana as Swachh Bharat Ambassadors". Andhra Pradesh Political News, Telugu Cinema News - APToday. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2016-06-01. 
  37. ^ abadmin. "swachh bharat brand ambassador List". Telangana State Portal - Latest News Updates. 
  38. ^"Lakshmi Manchu Is Telangana Swachh Bharat's Brand Ambassador" MovieNewz.in, Retrieved 04.09.2015
  39. ^MCG announces Shekhar Gurera as official Brand AmbassadorUNI, Jan 30 2018.
  40. ^"Swachh Bharat Run organized at Rashtrapati Bhavan". The Times of India. 
  41. ^"Desi companies beat Facebook in 'Swachh' apps race". The Times of India. 
  42. ^"Digital India Week: Digital Locker, MyGov.in, and other projects that were unveiled", The Indian Express, 5 July 2015 
  43. ^"Swachh Bharat goes hi-tech, govt to track toilet use with iPads". The Hindu. 31 December 2014. 
  44. ^"State-wise assessment schedule - Swachh Sarvekshan 2017"(PDF). 10 Jan 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  45. ^[1]
  46. ^"Cleanliness ranking for 73 cities is out. Mysuru cleanest, Modi's Varanasi among dirtiest", India Today, 15 February 2016 
  47. ^"Chandigarh Declared Second Cleanest City of India in 2016 Swachh Bharat Survey", Chandigarh Metro 
  48. ^Nagaon topped 8th cleanest city in India 
  49. ^"Saffron Agenda for Green Capitalism? - Swarajya". Swarajya. 
  50. ^"Swachh Bharat Abhiyan should aim to stamp out manual scavenging". 
  51. ^Umesh IsalkarUmesh Isalkar, TNN (30 April 2013). "Census raises stink over manual scavenging". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  52. ^"Manual scavenging still a reality". The Hindu. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  53. ^ ab"At The Half-way Mark", The Indian Express, 31 July 2017 
  54. ^Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Report Stats, 18 November 2016, archived from the original on 22 May 2016 
  55. ^"Kerala, Haryana top sanitation survey", The Hindu, 9 August 2017 

Monthly Magazine on Cleaning and Hygiene Technology: Clean India Journal

External links[edit]

Media related to Swachh Bharat Abhiyan at Wikimedia Commons

India's prime minister Modi at a rally to promote Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014
January 2018 : One from the series cartoon based displayed posters drawn by the Cartoonist Shekhar Gurera for MCG
A door-to-door garbage collection van in the city of Indore