Skip to content

Essay On Subhash Chandra Bose In Kannada Language Islamic

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a well-known and influential independence activist during India’s freedom struggle. Let’s have a look at his childhood, freedom struggle,life history and achievements.

Born: November 11, 1888

Place of Birth: Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Parents: Muhammad Khairuddin (Father) and Alia Muhammad Khairuddin (Mother)

Spouse: Zulaikha Begum

Children: None

Education: Homeschooled; Self-taught

Association: Indian National Congress

Movement: Indian Nationalist Movement

Political Ideology: Liberalism; right-winged; Egalitarian

Religious views: Islam

Publications: Ghubar-e-Khatir (1942-1946); India Wins Freedom (1978);

Passed Away: February 22, 1958

Memorial: Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most influential independence activists during India’s freedom struggle. He was also a noted writer, poet and journalist. He was a prominent political leader of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940. Despite being a Muslim, Azad often stood against the radicalizing policies of other prominent Muslims leaders like Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Azad was the first education minister of independent India. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’, India's highest civilian honor, in 1992.

Early Life and Education

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. His mother was the daughter of a rich Arabian Sheikh and his father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin. His forefathers came to India during the reign of Mughal Emperor Babar, from Heart, Afghanistan. Azads were the descendent of eminent Ulama or scholars of Islam. In 1890, he returned to Calcutta (now Kolkata) along with the family.

Maulana Azad had his initial formal education in Arabic, Persian and Urdu with theological orientation and then philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. He also learnt English language, world history, and politics on his own. Maulana Azad had a natural inclination towards writing and this resulted in the start of the monthly magazine "Nairang-e-Alam" in 1899. He was eleven years old when his mother passed away. Two years later, at the age of thirteen, Azad was married to young Zuleikha Begum.

Image Credit:

Political Career

Early Revolutionary Activities

In Egypt, Azad came into contact with the followers of Mustafa Kemal Pasha who were publishing a weekly from Cairo. In Turkey, Maulana Azad met the leaders of the Young Turks Movement. After his return to India from an extensive visit of Egypt, Turkey, Syria and France, Azad met prominent Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo Ghosh and Shyam Sundar Chakraborty. They helped in developing radical political views and he began to participate in the Indian nationalist movement. Azad fiercely criticized the Muslim politicians who were more inclined towards the communal issues without focusing on the national interest. He also rejected the theories of communal separatism advocated by the All India Muslim League.

Azad, inspired by the passion of Indian as well as foreign revolutionary leaders, started publishing a weekly called "Al-Hilal" in 1912. The weekly was a platform to attack the policies of the British Government and highlight the problems faced by the common Indians. The paper became so popular that its circulation figures went up to 26,000 copies. The unique message of patriotism and nationalism blended with religious commitment gained its acceptance among the masses. But these developments disturbed the British Government and in 1914, the British Government put a ban on the weekly. Unfazed by the move, Maulana Azad, few months later, launched a new weekly, called "Al-Balagh". Failed to put a prohibition on the writings of Maulana Azad, the British Government then finally decided to deport him off Calcutta in 1916. When Maulana Azad reached Bihar, he was arrested and put under house arrest. This detention continued till December 31, 1919. After his release on January 1, 1920, Azad returned to the political atmosphere and actively participated in the movement. In fact, he continued to write provocative articles against the British Government.

Image Credit:

Pre-Independence Activities

As an activist demanding the reinstatement of the Caliph in Istanbul, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad came onboard with the Khilafat movement during 1920. He became involved with the Indian freedom struggle through the Non-cooperation movement initiated by Gandhi, of which the Khilafat issue was a big part of. He wholeheartedly advocated the principles of the non-cooperation movement and in the process became drawn to Gandhi and his philosophy. Although initially skeptical of Gandhi’s proposal to launch an intensified drive against the British Raj demanding independence, he later joined the efforts. He travelled all over the country giving speeches and leading various programs of the movement. He worked closely with Vallabhbahi Patel and Dr. Rajendra Prasad. On August 9, 1942, Maulana Azad was arrested along with most of the Congress leadership. Their incarceration lasted for four years and they were released in 1946. During that time, the idea of an independent India had solidified and Maulana headed the Constituent Assembly Elections within Congress as well as led the negotiations with the British Cabinet mission to discuss the terms of independence. He vehemently opposed the idea of partition based on religion and was deeply hurt when the idea went forward to give rise to Pakistan.

Post-Independence Activities

During the violence that erupted following partition of India, Maulana Azad assured to take up the responsibility for the security of Muslims in India. Towards this, Azad toured the violence-affected regions of borders of Bengal, Assam, Punjab. He helped in establishing the refugee camps and ensured uninterrupted supply of food and other basic materials. It was reported that in the crucial Cabinet meetings both Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Maulana Azad clashed over the security measures in Delhi and the Punjab.

The role and contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad could not be overlooked. He was appointed as India's first Minister for Education and inducted in the Constituent Assembly to draft India's constitution. Under Maulana Azad's tenure, a number of measures were undertaken to promote primary and secondary education, scientific education, establishment of universities and promotion of avenues of research and higher studies.

Image Credit: Twitter

Association with the Indian National Congress

While extending his support to Mahatma Gandhi and non-cooperation movement, Maulana Azad joined the Indian National Congress in January 1920. He presided over the special session of Congress in September 1923 and was said to be the youngest man elected as the President of the Congress.

Maulana Azad emerged as an important national leader of the Indian National Congress Party. He also served as a member of the Congress Working Committee (CWC) and in the offices of general secretary and president on numerous occasions. In 1928, Maulana Azad endorsed the Nehru Report, formulated by Motilal Nehru. Interestingly, the Motilal Nehru Report was severely criticized by a number of Muslim personalities involved with the freedom movement. As opposed to Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Azad also advocated for the ending of separate electorates based on religion and called for a single nation committed to secularism. In 1930, Maulana Azad was arrested for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha. He was put in Meerut jail for a year and a half.

Image Credit: Amazon


On February 22, 1958 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, one of the foremost leaders of the Indian freedom struggle passed away. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992.


Maulana was a firm believer in the co-existence of religions. His dream was that of a unified independent India where Hindu and Muslims co-habited peacefully. Although this vision of Azad was shattered post partition of India, he remained a believer. He was the founder of the Jamia Milia Islamia Institution in Delhi along with fellow khilafat leaders which has blossomed into a renowned University today. His birthday, November 11, is celebrated as National Education Day in India.

Do you need help with Help With Personal Statement Writing with essay, research paper, homework or even dissertation?

Visit our website - (

=================>>>CLICK HERE<<<=================
=================>>>CLICK HERE<<<=================
=================>>>CLICK HERE<<<=================

=================>>>GET ASSIGNMENT HELP<<<=================
=================>>>GET ASSIGNMENT HELP<<<=================
=================>>>GET ASSIGNMENT HELP<<<=================

francis bacon's essay of love analysis
untempered chocolate definition essay
beauty pageants are exploitive essay definition
samaj seva essay Help With Personal Statement Writing examples
one mile of ice essay
essay on subhash chandra bose in kannada language islamic
homework the pros and cons
flood in uttarakhand essay scholarships
free great expectations essays
investigative essay sample
essay on my favourite festival ramzan eid
the lemkos of poland articles and essays
summer essay in bengali
7th grade science essay prompts
business strategy case study solution format
jeevan chalne ka naam essay
job application cover letter 2013 nba
teaching learning process essay sample
essay khidmat e khalq urdu to english dictionary
cover letter for financial research Help With Personal Statement Writing analyst
chicago style citation bibliography examples of internet
python scope local variable referenced before assignment
research paper high school formative assessments
acculturation assimilation essays
hans holzer bibliography creator
essay on life's a struggle
essay on examination topic
camilo jose cela bibliography apa
research paper sample introduction letters
free cerebral palsy research paper
essay on pedagogy of the oppressed by paulo freire charter
call for research paper in management
examples critical evaluation essays
assignments references available upon request
free essay examples compare and contrast
resume cover letter examples summer job opportunities
short essays on animal cruelty
hum watan ke muhafiz essay writing
how to write an investigative report essays
anti hazing law essay examples
whistleblowing case study ethics in nursing
essay military discipline respect
air pollution prevention and control essay
leonardo da vinci research papers
women during world war 2 essay
plu graduate application essay
antje von dewitz dissertation abstract
knightcite bibliography machine
feg-2/tma/2013-14 solved assignment 1423
sample billing clerk cover letter
noel 1933 critique essay
essay on how maths is related to other subjects
my aim in life short essay topics
how to synthesize information in an essay
divorce definition essay on family
can you put graphs in research papers
tla woodard homework Help With Personal Statement Writing
shakespearean stage and audience essay topics
aesthetics in Help With Personal Statement Writing art essay on pedernal 1942
a kind of person i want to be essay topics
act rgv critical thinking test wayne
pendragon book trailer assignment
writing research papers across the curriculum ebook
quiz 1 paragraphs and essays book
essays for class 3 students sitting
science fair research paper abstract page
informal logic critical thinking quiz for nurses
free essays legalizing marijuana
sample case study in early childhood education
will hurd committee assignments in the house
sample administrative assistant cover letter 2012 election
cambridge trust personal statement
mb0053 solved assignment smule
the lost cause essay thesis
phd coursework exam results kerala university
lektorat dissertation ingenieur financier
assignment ada krauser
email apa bibliography
oxford personal Help With Personal Statement Writing statement medicine residency
essay on importance of learning english in bangladesh
qnet and microsoft case study
employee motivation theories essays
example of analytical essay
small essay about prophet mohammed
a modest proposal essay examples on satire
gender reassignment surgery pictures man to woman transformation
an essay about globalization
the great gatsby essay questions common core
hlth 1020 slcc+family history assignment
sample conclusions for an essay
employing interdependence essay question
enron case study accounting
witchcraft term paper
philippine tourist spots essay definition
optionsanleihen beispiel essay
putting citations in an essay
mit sloan essay 2014
srebrenica photo essay rubric
essay writing books flipkart mobiles
aqa psychology deindividuation essay definition
nsou assignment 2013-14 blis
liz claiborne inc. 2005 case study
review article titles in an essay
my teacher my hero essay 300 words a day
mark twain essays on education
schriftliches referat beispiel essay
alexis philonenko schopenhauer essays
fluid electrolyte case study
free online essay reading
download lagu exo mama without narrative essay
impromptu essay rubric
essay on the topic travelling to usa
single parenting photo essay definition
case study research design and methods robert yin grinnell
essay to pharmacy college started with name
python list assignment index out of range
essay applications internet
one writers beginnings ap essay outline
essay about forest conservation kids
2000 word essay page length by words
all about me essay ideas for apollo's outcasts
essay on pradushan ki samasya aur samadhan
mcs-042 solved assignment 2014 dodge
western europe ccot essay example
300 words is how many paragraphs in an essay
michael ardelt dissertation defense
how to lose weight the healthy way essay
essay competition result
jeff denham committee assignments
e assignments southampton humanities degree
he myth of sisyphus and other essays
case study organisational behaviour
boekenweek essay 2013 nfl
music in advertising essay ideas
moderncv cover letter signature
jake chambers essay
christopher bissonnette essays in idleness by yoshida
descriptive essays third person
madduma bandara essays
essayage de bott es de pluie
free pearl harbor essay
dutch influence documentary review essays
lesson 4.2 practice a answer key geometry assignment
critical analytical essay example
archaeometric analysis essay
bibliography of research
ralph waldo emerson essay love
smoking cessation research papers
first love never dies essaytyper
who made up homework and why