Motivation and Morale - Relationship and Differences
Morale can be defined as the total satisfaction derived by an individual from his job, his work-group, his superior, the organization he works for and the environment. It generally relates to the feeling of individuals comfort, happiness and satisfaction.
According to Davis, Morale is a mental condition of groups and individuals which determines their attitude.
In short, morale is a fusion of employees attitudes, behaviours, manifestation of views and opinions - all taken together in their work scenarios, exhibiting the employees feelings towards work, working terms and relation with their employers. Morale includes employees attitudes on and specific reaction to their job.
There are two states of morale:
High morale - High morale implies determination at work- an essential in achievement of management objectives. High morale results in:
- A keen teamwork on part of the employees.
- Organizational Commitment and a sense of belongingness in the employees mind.
- Immediate conflict identification and resolution.
- Healthy and safe work environment.
- Effective communication in the organization.
- Increase in productivity.
- Greater motivation.
Low morale - Low morale has following features:
- Greater grievances and conflicts in organization.
- High rate of employee absenteeism and turnover.
- Dissatisfaction with the superiors and employers.
- Poor working conditions.
- Employees frustration.
- Decrease in productivity.
- Lack of motivation.
Though motivation and morale are closely related concepts, they are different in following ways:
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